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Effectiveness of Forensic Science In Criminology

1) Introduction

According to James et al. 2015, forensic science is an emerging field that supports the evidences to resolve the criminal cases.It helps in collecting and analyzing the evidences with the usage of modern technological tools to solve cases.

1.1) Aims of the Research Work

This research aims to highlight the importance of forensic science in solving the criminal cases. It also aims to explain the collection and analysis of evidences with the help of tools of forensic science.

1.2) Objectives of Research Work

  • To highlight the role of forensic science in resolving the criminal cases.
  • To evaluate the conventional ways of forensic science in resolving the criminal cases.
  • To study the extent of success due to forensic science in resolving the criminal cases and supporting the collected evidences from the spot.

1.3) Hypothesis

  • Forensic science supports the criminology cases in resolving them.
  • Forensic science doesn’t provide appropriate support in resolving the criminal cases.

2) Literature Review

2.1) Introduction

Jewell et al. (2013) stated that forensic science is the most essential component or technique that helps in solving criminal cases. It is the most effective scientific way to enforce law in order to judge up to what extent criminal’s mind can be reached.  Forensic science helps to analyze the evidences collected from crime scene and also help to search for the actual criminals.

2.2) Expertise and Scope of Forensic Studies

Sometimes there exist criminal minds behind natural looking death; forensic science help to reach to the conclusion that how the unnatural deaths have been implemented. The unnatural deaths like gun shot, poisoning, hanging etc. are crosschecked with help of tools of forensic science in order to predict the actual reason behind such evidences. According to Chan and Bennett Moses (2015), forensic science helps to identify the extent to which criminal case can be resolved. Post mortem of a dead body is one of the different ways of forensic to collect important information regarding the death.  In this context, Usher and Stewart (2012) commented that data can be collected using different techniques like photography of the crime scene, temperature of blood, blood clotting, x-ray etc. can help to collect evidences that can be analyzed with the help of forensic science and reach to a fruitful conclusion.

2.3) Importance of Forensic Studies in solving Criminology Cases

Forensic science play an important role in collecting satisfactory details regarding the criminal cases and further help to judge the criminal mind behind the scene. According to Andrew and Orio (2015), forensic science has its important role in different branches like forensic chemistry, forensic artist and forensic anthropology. According to James et al. (2015), forensic science makes the maximum usage of modern technological tools and techniques that help in taking useful and strong steps in order to resolve the criminal cases. This further help to understand the extent of breaking of the laws by the criminal and this further help the government to take essential steps in order to strengthen the law against such criminal minds.

2.4) Summary

This section explains the role played by the field of forensic science in solving the criminal cases. It also explains that how forensic science helps to support the evidences with the help of modern technology and how it helps government to become more strict in terms of laws and regulations within the country so as to protect the humanity and country from such criminal minds.

3) Research Methodology

3.1) Research Approach

Research approach helps to interlink various theories and principles in order to reach a satisfactory conclusion. In this research bottom-up approach or inductive approach has been utilized to evaluate the research work.

3.2) Research Design

It is the most essential tool that act as blue print of dissertation. Descriptive research design has been taken into consideration for analyzing this report.

3.3) Research Philosophy

Research philosophy helps in acquiring the useful information for acknowledging and supporting the research work. Interpretive research method has been used for concluding the research with knowledgeable evidences.

3.4) Data Collection Methods

There are two methods of collecting data. One is primary method and another is secondary method. Both methods have been used in this research.

3.5) Sample Size

For the collection of primary data, survey has been conducted over 50 forensic laboratory experts and 10 investigation departments. The experts have provided useful information for the importance of forensic science.

3.6) Research Ethics

Research ethics are followed by the researcher while collecting information from the different sources.

3.7) Limitations

Time and budget constraints are the major limitations of this research.


Andrew, A. and Orio, A. (2015).Relationship between Sociodemographic Characteristics, Psychiatric Burden and Violent Offence in a Maximum Security Prison in North-Central Nigeria. Journal of Forensic Science & Criminology.

Chan, J. and Bennett Moses, L. (2015). Is Big Data challenging criminology?. Theoretical Criminology.

Grills, C., Villanueva, S., Anderson, M., Corsbie-Massay, C., Smith, B., Johnson, L. and Owens, K. (2014). Effectiveness of Choice Theory Connections: A Cross-Sectional and Comparative Analysis of California Female Inmates. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 59(7), pp.757-771.

James, C., Asscher, J., Stams, G. and Van der Laan, P. (2015).The Effectiveness of Aftercare for Juvenile and Young Adult Offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology.

Jewell, J., Malone, M., Rose, P., Sturgeon, D. and Owens, S. (2013). A Multiyear Follow-Up Study Examining the Effectiveness of a Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy Program on the Recidivism of Juveniles on Probation. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 59(3), pp.259-272.

Shah, T., Thaker, M. and Menon, S. (2015). Assessment of Cephalic and Facial Indices: A proof for Ethnic and Sexual Dimorphism. Journal of Forensic Science & Criminology, 2(4).

Usher, A. and Stewart, L. (2012). Effectiveness of Correctional Programs With Ethnically Diverse Offenders: A Meta-Analytic Study. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 58(2), pp.209-230.


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