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Four Main Types Of Sentences

Four main Types of Sentences

Sentence formation is an important aspect of writing. Whether it’s an academic one or professional, every field requires the proper use of words and sentences while writing. So in order to write a meaningful sentence, it has become essential for students to first note the types and styles of sentence writing before it gets included in their content.

A sentence is a collection of words that appear to be connected and arranged in a manner that makes it sound meaningful while reading. Almost all sentences that we write for our content consist of a subject and a predicate, and it is important to note these both aspects while writing for your English assignments. The punctuation mark in the end is what defines and determines the structure and type of sentence. So make sure that you place those punctuation marks appropriately in order to comprehend a meaningful story from your content.

Under the English grammar category, there are many different types of sentences that are majorly differentiated based on their type of purpose. Therefore, the structure and the difference between their functions is the main reason for the classification of the sentences into different categories.

Based on the functional aspect, sentences are majorly defined into four categories, i.e., Declarative, Interrogative, Exclamatory and Imperative. The structure, formation and proper punctuation mark make these sentences meaningful for the readers to read. Each of these types of sentences has its own use and purpose to serve.

Before we actually move onto the concept of elaborating the four main types of sentences, it is important that we first focus on different punctuation marks for better understanding. There are only three different types of punctuation that are included at the end of the sentence; they are – period, exclamatory mark and question mark. While writing sentences, it is important for students to use the right type of punctuation mark in the end because that is what creates the real meaning and definition of your sentence. It also helps the readers establish the type of your sentence, so be careful while including one. For example, an interrogative sentence must always end with a question mark and the exclamatory one with the exclamation mark.

Types of Sentences

Declarative Sentence (The statement)

This type of sentence is used to make a direct statement that can help declare or express your opinion further. In simple words, declarative sentences tend to make a declaration to state something before the readers. This type of sentence usually ends with a period.


  • We did not go to the basketball match yesterday.
  • That particular clock is century old.

In both these sentences, either a statement or opinion is made to express the meaning. The tense form that you include for such a sentence could be either past, present or future; the only thing that you need to focus upon is the declaration factor.

Interrogative Sentence

As the name itself suggests, an interrogative sentence is the one that asks questions or interrogates the reader or the subject. This type of sentence always tends to ask direct questions, ending with a question mark in each sentence. The commonly used words for these sentences are – Who, When, Where, How, Am, Is, Are, Do, What, Why and so on. These sentences also do require a verb or a noun to complete the meaning.


  • Why is the watch not working?
  • Are you going home today?

All these above-mentioned sentences, either have a complete or direct meaning and are also ending with a question mark.

Imperative Sentence

This type of sentence either makes a request or expresses a command to define the meaning. It usually ends with a period, but in some situations, it can also end with an exclamation mark. Therefore, in simple words we can say that it does not simply state a fact or declaration, rather the sentence here is used to give some specific information about the thing or person being talked about in it.


  • Turn right at the crossing.
  • Do not use that cushion.

Imperative sentences can be either positive or negative, depending upon the nature of the sentence and its meaning.

Exclamatory Sentence

It is majorly used to express or create a certain emotion like anger, happiness, excitement, surprise and so on. Each one of them ends with an exclamation mark. They express strong emotions with the content.


  • How well he sings!
  • I said I wanted a burger instead of pizza!

These sentences can also be positive or negative depending upon the state of the speaker and the meaning defined from the context. Apart from this, if you require any kind of academic help for your English assignments or papers, feel free to contact our online assignment writing services for professional help and guidance.

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