PHI 240 BA Case Study

Answer one and only one of the following numbered questions.  Please ensure that you answer each part of the numbered question you select to answer.  Your essay needs to be typewritten, in black ink, double-spaced, with one-inch margins on all sides.  You must either use MLA or CMS style.  I prefer Times New Roman font, size twelve.  Lastly, your essay needs to be at least three FULL pages in length, but the essay should not exceed five pages.  If you should have any questions, please e-mail me at my Barry email.

 

  • What is the evidential argument from evil? Drawing upon the theodicies discussed in class, discuss in detail what you think may be the most plausible response to the evidential argument from evil.  What objections can be raised to that theodicy and to your argument?

 

  • Clifford argues that “it is wrong, always, everywhere, and for anyone, to believe anything upon insufficient evidence.” What is Clifford’s reason for this claim?  That is, what arguments does he utilize to defend this thesis?  How does Pascal’s view of the rationality of religious belief compare with Clifford’s view of the rationality of religious belief?

 

  • Discuss Hume’s problem of induction. Why does Hume think we have no rational justification for induction?  How might we respond Hume’s arguments? 

 

  • In the “Myth of Gyges,” Glaucon argues that the nature and origin of justice is self-interest. Discuss in detail what he means by this claim.  Are there any natural duties that we have to others?  Be sure to provide specific examples.

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